Client: DFID Nepal
Working Areas: Jumla and Kalikot
Project period: September 2013 to 2016
The Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD) of the Government of Nepal (GoN) has requested the UK Department for International Development (DFID) to provide technical assistance (TA) to support employment-led approaches to reducing poverty and vulnerability in Nepal. This assistance is provided through the Karnali Employment Technical Assistance (KEPTA), consortium led by Oxford Policy Management (OPM) and integrated by Cardno IT Transport and Deego Pvt Ltd. The main goal of the TA is to assess whether public works programmes (PWPs) could play a significant role in a national social protection strategy. The TA programme has been designed as a three-year project divided into two phases.
In Phase 1, from September 2013 until July 2014, KEPTA developed a revised model for the effective delivery of the KEP. This model is described in detail in the Project Implementation Manual (PIM) and was implemented in four pilot projects – known as Centre of Excellence Projects (CEPs : Jumla and Kalikot). These CEPs operated under special arrangements, as the Karnali Regional Development Unit (KRDU) set aside special funding for the payment of workers and the other inputs. The CEPs were implemented in a short timeframe. Preparations started in December 2013, implementation began in March 2014 and the work was finished by July 2014. A total of 811 households participated in the CEPs in Jumla and Kalikot and worked during an average of 53 days. The community infrastructure created with this work consisted of two roads and two irrigation canals. The main process and features tested were:
After the positive experience of the CEPs, MoFALD has incorporated most of the processes tested into the new KEP guidelines and will be rolled out by the programme in the fiscal year 2014/2015.
In Phase II KEPTA is providing four different kinds of support in Jumla and Kalikot:
Demand Pilot Projects: After the successful experience of Phase 1, KEP and KEPTA have decided to pilot some further processes. In one VDC in each Jumla and Kalikot, KEPTA will test a demand driven approach.
According to the current KEP operation the programme provides a supply or project driven support. This means that first the projects are selected and then beneficiaries are identified. However only those who live close to the project-sites, within the ‘area of influence’, can apply for work, implying that a large number of families are excluded from KEP participation in any one year. This project driven approach may be appropriate if the core objective is to support communities to produce assets. It is not appropriate if the objective of the programme is to develop a comprehensive approach to reducing poverty and vulnerability through employment.
As a consequence, KEPTA will test a demand driven approach, which consists of a process which reverses the supply driven or project based approach. It starts with the demand for work and then employment is created to meet this demand. Programmes under this approach operate as a sort of social insurance or safety net that households can rely on during hardships which for many households in a region such as Karnali may persist over many years.
These pilots will also test the creation of a District Employment Fund (DEC). The DEC consists of a matching fund through which both the GoN and KEPTA/DFID will channelize the funds for the programme.
The demand-led pilots are fully financed by KEPTA.
|Model of Execution of the Projects||VDCs and Municipality in Jumla||VDCs in Kalikot|
|TA Demand Pilot Projects||Patarasi||Mehelmudi|
|TA led Demonstration Project||Badki, Birat and Dhapa||Kotbada, Rupsa and Kumalgaun|
|Advance Support Projects||Dillichaur, Garjyankot, Chandannath, Lamra, Raralihi, Depalgaun||Sukataya, Daha, PhoiMahadev, Ranchuli, Chhapre and Chilkhaya|
|Other KEP Projects||Buvramadichaur, Chhumchaur, Ghode Mahadev, Gothichaur, Hanku,Kalikakhetu, Kudari Kanakasundari, Malikathanta Mahabaipatharkhola, Malikabota, Narakot, Pandawagufa, Patmara, Sanigaun, Tamti, Tatopani||Badalkot, Dholagohe, Gela, Jubitha, Kheen, Lalu, Malkot, Manma, Marta, Mugraha, Mumrakot, Nanikot, Odannaku, Pakha, Phukot, Raku, Ramnakot, Sipkhana, Siuna, Thirpu|